Wednesday, March 28, 2018

CET DELHI 2018 Entrance Exam Syllabus and Exam Pattern - Testbag

DELHI POLYTECHNICS COMMON ENTRANCE TEST (DELHI CET ) 2018 Syllabus and Exam Pattern

TestBag now has exclusive microsite for DELHI POLYTECHNICS Exams. Please click on delhipolytechnic.testbag.com for one stop on everything about DELHI POLYTECHNICS Exams.

Test-1 : Mathematics-(50 Questions), Physics (40 Questions), Chemistry (30 Questions), Biology (15 Questions) & English (15 Questions) as per CBSE syllabus for class IX Exam held in 2017 and CBSE syllabus for class X exam held in 2018.
Total No. of Questions : 150


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Test-2  : Comprehension of English including Grammar (60 Questions) of class XII level,
Knowledge of Current Affairs (45 Questions) and Logical & Analytical Ability (45 Questions)
Total No. of Questions : 150

Test-3 : Comprehension of Hindi including Grammar (60 Questions) of class XII level,
Knowledge of Current Affairs (45 Questions) and Logical & Analytical Ability (45 Questions)
Total No. of Questions : 150

Test-4 : Physics (45 Questions), Chemistry (45 Questions) & either Mathematics (60 Questions) or Biology (60 Questions) as per CBSE syllabus for class XI Exam held in 2017 and CBSE syllabus for Class XII Exam held in 2018.
Total No. of Questions : 210

Test-5 : Physics (30 Questions) Mathematics (30 Questions) Chemistry-(30 Questions)
Biology -(30 Questions) English- (15 Marks) General Aptitude – (15 Marks)
(as per CBSE syllabus for class X Exam held in 2018)
Total No. of Questions : 150


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CET DELHI 2018 Exam Notification - Testbag

DELHI POLYTECHNICS COMMON ENTRANCE TEST (DELHI CET ) 2018 Notification

TestBag now has exclusive microsite for DELHI POLYTECHNICS Exams. Please click on delhipolytechnic.testbag.com for one stop on everything about DELHI POLYTECHNICS Exams.
Kindly Note: 
Submission of online Application Forms :    20-03-2018
Closing date for online Application Forms : 19-04-2018
Date of CET Test are

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            Date for Test – I:    27-05-2018 10:00 am to 12:30 pm
               Date for Test – II:   26-05-2018 02:00 pm to 04:30 pm
               Date for Test – III:  26-05-2018 10:00am to 12:30pm
               Date for Test – IV:  27-05-2018 02:00pm to 04:30pm
               Date for Test – V:   26-05-2018 10:00am to 12:30pm

More details can be found on the official website of Delhi CET 2018 i. e.

Official website of Delhi CET 2018   : cetdelhiexam.nic.in
http://cetdelhiexam.nic.in/CMS/Handler/FileHandler.ashx?i=File&ii=38&iii=Y


DELHI POLYTECHNICS COMMON ENTRANCE TEST (CET DELHI)

Board of Technical Education, Delhi conducts  a Common Entrance Tests for admission to various courses in Delhi Polytechnics on behalf  of Department of Traning and Technical Education,  Government of National  Capital Territory of Delhi



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Following Institutions are covered under CET 


Government Institutions Privately Managed Affiliated Institutions
Ambedkar Polytechnic (AP) Aditya Institute of Technology (AI)
Aryabhat Polytechnic (AB)  Baba Haridass College of Pharmacy & Technology (BH)
G. B. Pant Polytechnic (GB) Chhotu Ram Rural Institute of Engineering & Technology (CR)
Guru Nanak Dev Polytechnic (GN) Guru Tegh Bahadur Polytechnic (GT)
 Kasturba Polytechnic for Women (KP) Marathwada Institute of Technology (MI)
Meera Bai Institute of Technology Subramaniam Bharati College of Science & Technology (SB)
Pusa Polytechnic (PP)
International Polytechnic for Women (IN)
Integrated Institute of Technology (ID)
Bhai Parmanand Institute of Business Studies (BPI) 
Delhi Institute of Tool Engineering (DI)
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College
& Safdarjung Hospital
Government Aided
 Sarada Ukil School of Art (SUSA)

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Courses Offered
These institutions offer following full time courses

1 ARCHITECTURAL ASSISTANTSHIP (Offered at AB, MB, CR)
2 ART FOR DRAWING TEACHERS (Offered at : SU)
3 AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING (Offered at: GB, PP, GT)
4
COSMETOLOGY & HEALTH (Offered at MB) Only for Girls
5 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Offered at: GN)
6 CIVIL ENGINEERING (Offered at: AB, GB, PP, CR)
7 COMMERCIAL ART (Offered at MB) Only for Girls
8 COMPUTER ENGINEERING (Offered at: AP, GN, KP, ID, GT, AI)
9 CIVIL ENGINEERING (CONSTRUCTION ) (Offered at: PP)

10. CIVIL Engineering (Public Health and Environment) Engineering (Offered at KP) only for girls
11 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (Offered at: AB, GB, PP, CR, GT, GN).
12 ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING) (Offered at: GN, MB, PP, AI, CR, ID, GT, MI).
13 ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (DIGITAL ELECTRONICS) (Offered at: AP, KP, GT & CR)
13 (A) ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (MEDICAL ELECTRONICS) (Offered at: AP, KP, ID & CR)
14 FASHION DESIGN (Offered at KP, IN) Only for Girls
15 GARMENT FABRICATION TECHNOLOGY (Offered at : AB)

16. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENABLED SERVICES & MANAGEMENT(Offered at AP, AI, ID*)
17. INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL (Offered at: AP, CR)
18 INTERIOR DESIGN (Offered at MB)- Only for Girls
19 LIBRARY and INFORMATION SCIENCE (Offered at MB) Only for Girls
20 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (Offered at AB, GB, GN, PP, GT, MI)
21 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (MAINTENANCE) (Offered at: AB)
22 MEDICAL LAB TECHNOLOGY (Offered at : MB, AI, BH, VMM)
23 MODERN OFFICE PRACTICE (Offered at: BP, MB)
24 PHARMACY (Offered at: ID, MB, AI, BH, CR, SB)
25 POLYMER TECHNOLOGY (Offered at:  GN) (Formerly known as Plastic Technology)
26 PRINTING TECHNOLOGY (Offered at: PP)
27 PRODUCTION ENGINEERING (Offered at: GB)
28 TEXTILE DESIGN (Offered at: IN) Only for Girls
29 TOOL & DIE MAKING (Offered at: DI)

Eligibility   For DELHI POLYTECHNICS (CET DELHI)
Only Indian Nationals/sponsored candidates are eligible. However, depending on the infrastructure available in a particular Institute, there is provision of 15% supernumerary seats for Persons of Indian Origin/Foreign Nationals/ Foreign students.

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 1. For candidates applying for Diploma Courses in Architectural Assistantship, Art for Drawing Teachers, Automobile Engineering, Cosmetology and Health, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Civil Engineering (Construction Technology) , Commercial Art, Computer Engineering , Electrical Engineering , Electronics and Communication Engineering , Electronics Engineering (Digital Electronics), Electronics Engineering (Medical Electronics) , Fashion,  Design , Garment Fabrication Technology , Interior Design, Instrumentation and Control , Library and Information Science, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engg. (Maintenance Engg.) , Medical Laboratory Technology , Polymer Technology , Printing Technology , Production Engineering, Civil Engg. (Public Health and Environmental Engineering), Textile Design and Tool and Die Making, Information Technology Enabled Services and Management.

Minimum Eligibility is
The candidate should have passed 10th class of 10+2 System or Matric or any other examination recognized asequivalent to 10th class examination, conducted by CBSE.
with minimum 35% aggregate in Science, Mathematics and English The subjects Science, Mathematics and English are compulsory and the candidate should have passed in each of these three subjects without considering grace marks.


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 Note:
1. Candidates passing /qualifying class 10th under the grading system should have obtained minimum pass grade in the compulsory subjects i.e., Science, Mathematics and English without being upgraded
2. Any other criteria as prescribed by CBSE in new pattern.

2. For candidates applying for Modern Office Practice (English)
Minimum Eligibility is
The candidate should have passed Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (Class XII) of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Delhi in any stream of 10+2 (Academic) or any other examination recognized as equivalent to the Senior Secondary School Certificate with minimum 45% marks (40% for SC/ST) in aggregate of best three subjects including English The subject English is compulsory for Modern Office Practice (English) and the candidate should have obtained pass marks in this subject without considering grace marks.

3. For candidates applying for Modern Office Practice (Hindi)
Minimum Eligibility is
The candidate should have passed Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (Class XII) of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Delhi in any stream of 10+2 (Academic) or any other examination recognized as equivalent to the Senior Secondary School Certificate with minimum 45% marks (40% for SC/ST) in aggregate of best three subjects including Hindi/ Sanskrit. The subject Hindi/Sanskrit is compulsory for Modern Office Practice (Hindi) and the candidate should have Pass marks in this subject without considering grace marks.

4. For candidates applying for Pharmacy
Minimum Eligibility is
The candidate should have passed the Senior School Certificate Examination (Class-XII) of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) or any other examination recognized by the Pharmacy Council of India as equivalent to the Senior Secondary School Certificate exam of the CBSE with minimum 45% marks (40% for SC/ST) in aggregate of Physics, Chemistry & either Biology or Mathematics .The subjects English, Physics, Chemistry and either Mathematics or Biology are compulsory and the candidate should have pass marks in these subjects without considering grace marks. As per directions issued by the Pharmacy Council of India vide their letter No. 14-2/2007-PCI-13143, dated 27.12.2007, the candidates who have appeared/passed through National Institute of Open Schooling shall not be considered for admission.


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Note: Eligibility for students passed from NIOS / Distance Education will be as per decision of Hon’ble Court / Delhi Government.

5. For candidates applying for Lateral Entry for 10+2 (Vocational Stream)/ITI Pass out to the second year/3rd semester of full time diploma courses in Automobile Engg., Electrical Engg., Electronics & Communication Engg., Mechanical Engg., Printing Technology, Production Engg.
Minimum Eligibility is
The candidate should have passed analogous 12th Vocational (Engg) stream of CBSE or equivalent from Schools located only in Delhi with minimum 60% marks in
aggregate of best five subjects for which marks are reflected in the mark sheet, without considering grace marks in these best five subjects
Or
Passed 10th class of CBSE or equivalent + 2 years ITI(Engg) from ITI s/ITCs located only in Delhi and affiliated to DGE and T/BTE, Delhi with a minimum of 60% marks in aggregate of all subjects reflected in the mark sheet, without considering grace marks


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Age Limit

Test and Category wise maximum age limit as on 1st August 2018
Test No. Boys(G) Girls(G) Boys(OBC) Girls (OBC) Boys(SC/ST/PWD) Girls(SC/ST/PWD)
1 21 23 24 26 26 28
2 24 30 27 30 29 35
3 24 30 27 30 29 35
4 24 30 27 30 29 35
5 24 30 27 30 29 35
Physical Fitness
The applicant must be in good mental and physical health and should be free from any physical defects likely to interfere with active outdoor duties. One should satisfy the standards of physical fitness as laid down at the time of admission.

Exam Dates and Schedule DELHI CET

 Last date for submission of Application 19-04-2018
Date of Test 26-05-2018 27-05-2018

The result of the Common Entrance Test (CET DELHI-2018) will be displayed on the website https://www.cetdelhi.nic.in on 14.06.2018 at 4.00 P.M.
Examination Centres
Tentative centres are at Delhi

ONLINE SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION FORM
CET application form has to be filled online from the website https://www.cetdelhiexam.nic.in from any internet access point.

Application Fees :  The Fee for CET - 2018 is Rs. 400/- + Rs. 15/- bank charges Rs. 3/- (GST)
Mode of CET-2018 Fees submission :- The fee should be submitted online either by credit card/debit card/ net banking on web portal.
For More Details visit http://cetdelhiexam.nic.in/CMS/Handler/FileHandler.ashx?i=File&ii=38&iii=Y

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Testbag Advantage to Crack JEE MAIN Entance Exam

JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATION (JEE-MAIN) Testbag Advantage

         
Kindly Note : TestBag now has exclusive microsite for JEE(MAIN). Please click on jeemain.testbag.com for one stop on everything about JEE(MAIN). 


TestBag broadly covers multiple choice questions in topics/subtopics of
Physics
Chemistry
Mathematics

as outlined in exam pattern of JEE(MAIN)


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JEE(MAIN) entrance exam is a competitive and will require a planned action to achieve success. Following modules in TestBag would be of help


Exam Analyser has details of JEE(MAIN). Please go through the syllabus and define your weekly schedule to cover each topic You have to master subject each topic wise step by step and the practice for final exam around two months before exam date.


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Self Assessor multiple choice questions in topics and key concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Everyday after studying the topic in class, master the same by simulating self tests on the topic or keyword with sufficient challenge so that you can bench mark your accuracy with time. Self Assessor will not only indicate your level of learning, accuracy and speed on each topic  but will add a lot to your knowledge from its own knowledge pool on every self assessment. Analyse the question attempted incorrectly by you by revisting the topic concept in any good book or take help of your collegues and teachers. Preferably complete this exercise on same day or by next day as another topic will be waiting to be mastered next day.  We recommend self assessment for JEE(MAIN)  mainly on multiple choice questions at level L2 with speed of 103 seconds

Test Simulator has mock tests/ test patterns for JEE(MAIN). These tests are based on previous year patterns specific to JEE(MAIN) or are created  by subject matter experts. Mock tests have fixed of questions indicated topicwise in each mock tests but test pattern generate new tests every time by drawing questions from large knowledge pool based on JEE(MAIN) exam parameters such as question number, types, topics included, level of questions, marks and time. These tests simulate exam like environment and first hand experience helps to put many unfounded fears to rest.

The results of all test taken are instantaneous detailing question attempted with correct answers and answers given


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Test History stores results with details of each attempted question in  all  tests simulated by user  to enable each user to monitor his/her progress and discuss shortcoming with teachers/mentors

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Testbag Advantage to Crack CLAT Entance Exam for LLB

COMMON LAW ADMISSION TEST (CLAT) Testbag Advantage
                  
Kindly Note: TestBag has now exclusive site for CLAT LLB entrance exam preparation. Please click on clat.testbag.com for one stop on everything about CLAT Exams

TestBag broadly covers multiple choice questions in topics/subtopics of
English including Comprehension
General Knowledge/ Current Affairs
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical ability)
Legal Aptitude/Legal Awareness
Logical Reasoning

as outlined in  exam pattern of CLAT for undergraduate programme  


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CLAT entrance exam is a competitive and will require a planned action to achieve success. Speed and accuracy will be of much importance in this exam as 200 questions are to done in 120 minutes. Conceptual clarity each topic wise followed by practice will be part of key strategy

Exam Analyser has details of
CLAT. Please go through the syllabus and define your weekly schedule to cover each topic You have to master subject each topic wise step by step and the practice for final exam around two months before exam date.

Self Assessor multiple choice questions in topics and key concepts of English including Comprehension, General Knowledge/ Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics (Numerical ability), Legal Aptitude/Legal Awareness and Logical Reasoning. Everyday after studying the topic in class, master the same by simulating self tests on the topic or keyword with sufficient challenge so that you can bench mark your accuracy with time. Self Assessor will not only indicate your level of learning, accuracy and speed on each topic  but will add a lot to your knowledge from its own knowledge pool on every self assessment. Analyse the question attempted incorrectly by you by revisting the topic concept in any good book or take help of your collegues and teachers. Preferably complete this exercise on same day or by next day as another topic will be waiting to be mastered next day.  We recommend self assessment for
CLAT  mainly on multiple choice questions at level L2 with speed of 103 seconds


Click Here For Online Mock Test Series For Clat Exam
 
Test Simulator has mock tests/ test patterns for
CLAT. These tests are based on previous year patterns specific to CLAT or are created  by subject matter experts. Mock tests have fixed of questions indicated topicwise in each mock tests but test pattern generate new tests every time by drawing questions from large knowledge pool based on CLAT exam parameters such as question number, types, topics included, level of questions, marks and time. These tests simulate exam like environment and first hand experience helps to put many unfounded fears to rest.

The results of all test taken are instantaneous detailing question attempted with correct answers and answers given

Test History stores results with details of each attempted question in  all  tests simulated by user  to enable each user to monitor his/her progress and discuss shortcoming with teachers/mentors


Click Here For Online Mock Test Series For Clat Exam

Thursday, March 22, 2018

CLAT Entrance Exam for LLB Syllabus

COMMON LAW ADMISSION TEST (CLAT) Syllabus

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CLAT UG Programme syllabus:
Click Here For Register CLAT Free Mock test and Online Topic /Chapter Test by Testbag
The different subject areas of the exam are explained as under:

1. English including Comprehension      
The English section will test the candidates proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein etc. The grammar section  requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.

2. General Knowledge And Current Affairs
 As far as general knowledge is concerned, the candidates will be assessed on their general awareness including static general knowledge.  Questions on current affairs will test candidates on their knowledge of national and international current affairs.
3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)
This section will test candidates only on “elementary” mathematics i.e. maths that is taught till the class 10.
 
4. Legal Aptitude
This section will test candidate interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions will be framed with the help of legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions may not be "true" in the real sense (e.g. the legal proposition may be that any person who speaks in a movie hall and disturbs others that are watching the movie will be banned from  entering any movie theatre across India for one year). Candidates will have to assume the "truth" of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.

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5. Logical Reasoning
The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It may include a variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.
Some important topics in above sections can be
English
English Vocabulary
                Synonyms
                Antonyms
                Analogies
English Proficiency
                Idioms And Phrases
                One Word Subsitution
                Sentence Improvement
                Rearrangement of Words in Sentence
                Rearrangement of Sentence in Paragrph
                Fill in The Blanks
                Cloze Tests
English Usage Errors
                Common Errors
                Spotting Errors
                Inappropriate Usage of Words
                Spelling Mistakes (English Usage)
English Comprehension
Current Affairs
Events of National and International importance. Also covering current events in area of Economics, Science, Technology, Sports, Persons and Places, Books and Authors
Mathematics (Based on Mathematics upto class X)
Arithmetic (Number Theory)
                Number Systems
                Surds and Indices
                Square Roots
                Fractions And Decimals
                H.C.F. And L.C.M.
                Simplification
                Approximations
                Ratio And Proportion
                Average
                Logarithms
Commercial Maths
                Interest
                Percentage
                Profit And Loss
                Partnership
                Discounts
Mensuration- Areas And Volumes
Reasoning 
Reasoning Tests
   
Direction and Distance Test
   
Analogy Test
   
Classification (Odd Man Out) Test
   
Coding Decoding Test
   
Number Test
   
Series Test
   
Relationships Test
   
Alphabet Test
   
Ranking Tests
   
Time Sequence Test
Logic Tests
   
Statements Assumptions
   
Statements Arguments
   
Statements Conclusions
   
Statements Action

Testbag: JEE MAIN Syllabus

JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATION (JEE-MAIN) Syllabus

Kindly Note : TestBag now has exclusive microsite for JEE(MAIN). Please click on jeemain.testbag.com for one stop on everything about JEE(MAIN).


MATHEMATICS

Unit 1: Sets, Relations And Functions:

Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions;. one-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions. 



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Unit 2: Complex Numbers And Quadratic Equations:

Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots. 

Unit 3: Matrices And Determinants:

Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.

Unit 4: Permutations And Combinations:

Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.

UNIT 5: MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION: Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.


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Unit 6: Binomial Theorem And Its Simple Applications:

Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

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Unit 7: Sequences And Series:

Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers. Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum upto n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3. Arithmetico - Geometric progression.

Unit 8: Limit, Continuity And Differentiability:

Real - valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Rolles and Lagranges Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic - increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.

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Unit 9: Integral Calculus:

Integral as an anti - derivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.
Evaluation of simple integrals of the type
Integral as limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

UNIT 10: Differential Equations:

Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type:
dy
-- + p (x) y = q (x)
dx

Unit 11: Co-Ordinate Geometry:

Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
Straight lines

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Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
Circles, conic sections
Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

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UNIT 12: Three Dimensional Geometry:

Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

UNIT 13: Vector Algebra:

Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

Unit 14: Statistics And Probability:

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Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Bayes theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

UNIT 15: Trigonometry:

Trigonometrical identities and equations. Trigonometrical functions. Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Heights and Distances.

Unit 16: Mathematical Reasoning:

Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive.

PHYSICS        

The syllabus contains two Sections - A and B. Section - A pertains to the Theory Part having 80% weightage, while Section - B contains Practical Component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage.

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SECTION A

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UNIT 1: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT

Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Significant figures.
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

UNIT 2: KINEMATICS

Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.

UNIT 3: LAWS OF MOTION

 Force and Inertia, Newtons First Law of motion; Momentum, Newtons Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newtons Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.

UNIT 4: WORK, ENERGY AND POWER

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power.
Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

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UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.

UNIT 6: GRAVITATION

The universal law of gravitation.
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
Keplers laws of planetary motion.
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.
Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.

UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS 

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hookes Law, Youngs modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascals law and its applications.
Viscosity, Stokes law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoullis principle and its applications.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat.
Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newtons law of cooling.

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UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics.
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.

UNIT 9: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadros number.

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UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES

Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring - restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. - kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.
Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound

UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS

Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulombs law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric flux, Gausss law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.

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UNIT  12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY

Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohms law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.
Kirchhoffs laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its applications.

UNIT  13: MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM

Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.
Amperes law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earths magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances.
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

UNIT 14: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS

Electromagnetic induction; Faradays law, induced emf and current; Lenzs Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.

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UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.

UNIT 16: OPTICS

Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Youngs double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewsters law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

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UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenards observations; Einsteins photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherfords model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

UNIT 20: COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

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Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).     

SECTION-B

UNIT 21: EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS   Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
1. Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
3. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
4. Metre Scale - mass of a given object by principle of moments.
5. Youngs modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8. Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
9. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
10. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
11. Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
12. Resistance of a given wire using Ohms law.
13. Potentiometer ââ‚“
(i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
(ii) Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
14. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
15. Focal length of:
(i) Convex mirror
(ii) Concave mirror, and
(iii) Convex lens
16. using parallax method. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
17. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
18. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
19. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
20. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
21. Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
22. Using multimeter to:
(i) Identify base of a transistor
(ii) Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor
(iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.
(iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).   

CHEMISTRY 

SECTION-A

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PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

UNIT 1: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY

Matter and its nature, Daltons atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

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UNIT 2: States of Matter

Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
Gaseous State:
Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws - Boyles law, Charles law, Grahams law of diffusion, Avogadros law, Daltons law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.
Liquid State:
Properties of liquids - vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
Solid State:
Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Braggs Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

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UNIT 3: Atomic Structure

Discovery of sub-atomic particles (electron, proton and neutron); Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohrs model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglies relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, * and *2, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; Variation of  *  and * 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbitals ââ‚“ aufbau principle, Paulis exclusion principle and Hunds rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

UNIT 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajans rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - Its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.
Molecular Orbital Theory - Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.
Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

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UNIT 5: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
First law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hesss law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.
Second law of thermodynamics- Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, DGo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

UNIT 6: SOLUTIONS

Different methods for expressing concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoults Law - Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions - relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, Vant Hoff factor and its significance.

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UNIT 7: EQUILIBRIUM

Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid - gas and solid - gas equilibria, Henrys law, general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chateliers principle.
Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Br?nsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid - base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

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UNIT   8: REDOX REACTIONS AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.
Eectrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrauschs law and its applications.
Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half - cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.

UNIT 9: CHEMICAL KINETICS

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half - lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions - Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

UNIT 10:  SURFACE CHEMISTRY

Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids - Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
Catalysis - Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.
Colloidal state - distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids - lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids - Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics.

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SECTION-B

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

UNIT 11: CLASSIFICATON OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements¬atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

UNIT 12: GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES OF ISOLATION OF METALS

Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; steps involved in the extraction of metals - concentration, reduction (chemical. and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe; Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.


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UNIT 13: HYDROGEN

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; Structure, preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; Classification of hydrides - ionic, covalent and interstitial; Hydrogen as a fuel.

UNIT 14: S - BLOCK ELEMENTS (ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS)

Group - 1 and 2 Elements
General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
Preparation and properties of some important compounds - sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

UNIT 15: P - BLOCK ELEMENTS

Group - 13 to Group 18 Elements

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General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

Groupwise study of the p block elements
Group - 13
Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.

Group - 14
Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones.

Group - 15
Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides,    (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Group - 16
Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

Group - 17
Preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.

Group -18
Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides    of xenon.

UNIT 16:BLOCK ELEMENTS

Transition Elements
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
Inner Transition Elements
Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction.
Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

UNIT 17: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS

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Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werners theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

UNIT 18: ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY

Environmental pollution - Atmospheric, water and soil.
Atmospheric pollution - Tropospheric and stratospheric
Tropospheric pollutants - Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Green house effect and Global warming; Acid rain;
Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.
Stratospheric pollution- Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer - its mechanism and effects.
Water Pollution - Major pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.
Soil pollution - Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides,. herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention.
Strategies to control environmental pollution.  

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Section-C

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

UNIT 19: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

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Purification - Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography - principles and their applications.
Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.
Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.
Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

UNIT 20: SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules - hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: - C = C - , - C - C - and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.
Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)
Covalent bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
Electronic displacement in a covalent bond - Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.
Common types of organic reactions - Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.

UNIT 21: Hydrocarbons

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Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
Alkenes - Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
Alkynes - Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
Aromatic hydrocarbons - Nomenclature, benzene - structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

UNIT 22: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS

General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT.

UNIT 23: Organic compounds containing Oxygen

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General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS
Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer - Tiemann reaction.
Ethers: Structure.
Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group;
Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as - Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of ? - hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
CARBOXYLIC ACIDS
Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
UNIT 24: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

UNIT 25: Polymers

General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization - addition and condensation, copolymerization; Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses - polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.

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UNIT 26: Bio Molecules

General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
CARBOHYDRATES - Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
PROTEINS - Elementary Idea of ? - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
VITAMINS - Classification and functions.
NUCLEIC ACIDS - Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA.
Biological functions of nucleic acids.

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UNIT 27: Chemistry in everyday life

Chemicals in medicines - Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins - their meaning and common examples.
Chemicals in food - Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents - common examples.
Cleansing agents - Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

UNIT 28: principles related to practical Chemistry

Detection of extra elements (N,S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
Inorganic compounds: Mohrs salt, potash alum.
Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises - Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohrs salt vs Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
Cations - Pb2+ , Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+.
Anions- CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).
Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base. .
3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
4. Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

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SYLLABUS FOR APTITUDE TEST B.ARCH./B.PLANNING   

Part I

Awareness of persons, places, Buildings, Materials.) Objects, Texture related to Architecture and build~ environment. Visualising three dimensional objects from two dimensional drawings. Visualising. different sides of three dimensional objects. Analytical Reasoning Mental Ability (Visual, Numerical and Verbal).

Part II

Three dimensional - perception: Understanding and appreciation of scale and proportion of objects, building forms and elements, colour texture, harmony and contrast. Design and drawing of geometrical or abstract shapes and patterns in pencil. Transformation of forms both 2 D and 3 D union, substraction, rotation, development of surfaces and volumes, Generation of Plan, elevations and 3 D views of objects. Creating two dimensional and three dimensional compositions using given shapes and forms.
Sketching of scenes and activities from memory of urbanscape (public space, market, festivals, street scenes, monuments, recreational spaces etc.), landscape (river fronts, jungles. gardens, trees, plants etc.) and rural life.
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